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TGFBI Protein, Antibody, ELISA Kit, cDNA Clone

TGFBI Related Areas

TGFBI Related Pathways

TGFBI Related Product

    TGFBI Summary & Protein Information

    TGFBI Background

    Gene Summary: This gene encodes an RGD-containing protein that binds to type I, II and IV collagens. The RGD motif is found in many extracellular matrix proteins modulating cell adhesion and serves as a ligand recognition sequence for several integrins. This protein plays a role in cell-collagen interactions and may be involved in endochondrial bone formation in cartilage. The protein is induced by transforming growth factor-beta and acts to inhibit cell adhesion. Mutations in this gene are associated with multiple types of corneal dystrophy.
    General information above from NCBI
    Subcellular location: Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix. Note=May be associated both with microfibrils and with the cell surface.
    Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in the corneal epithelium.
    Induction: By TGFB1.
    Post-translational: Gamma-carboxyglutamate residues are formed by vitamin K dependent carboxylation. These residues are essential for the binding of calcium (By similarity).
    Involvement in disease: Corneal dystrophy, epithelial basement membrane (EBMD) [MIM:121820]: A bilateral anterior corneal dystrophy characterized by grayish epithelial fingerprint lines, geographic map-like lines, and dots (or microcysts) on slit-lamp examination. Pathologic studies show abnormal, redundant basement membrane and intraepithelial lacunae filled with cellular debris. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Corneal dystrophy, Groenouw type 1 (CDGG1) [MIM:121900]: A rare form of stromal corneal dystrophy characterized by multiple small deposits in the superficial central corneal stroma, and progressive visual impairment. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Corneal dystrophy, lattice type 1 (CDL1) [MIM:122200]: A form of lattice corneal dystrophy, a class of inherited stromal amyloidoses characterized by pathognomonic branching lattice figures in the cornea. CDL1 is characterized by progressive visual impairment, and the presence of delicate, double-contoured, interdigitating, elongated deposits that form a reticular pattern in the corneal stroma. Systemic amyloidosis is absent. Recurrent corneal ulceration sometimes occurs. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Corneal dystrophy, Thiel-Behnke type (CDTB) [MIM:602082]: A bilateral disorder of the cornea characterized by progressive honeycomb-like, subepithelial corneal opacities with recurrent erosions. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Corneal dystrophy, Reis-Bucklers type (CDRB) [MIM:608470]: A bilateral disorder of the cornea characterized by intermittent attacks of ocular irritation, recurrent painful corneal erosions starting in childhood, corneal opacities in a geographic pattern at the level of the Bowman layer, and a progressive decrease of visual acuity. The lesions are primarily in Bowman membrane with secondary involvement of the epithelium and superficial part of the stroma. Bowman membrane is almost completely replaced by pathologic materials including disoriented collagen fibrils. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Corneal dystrophy, lattice type 3A (CDL3A) [MIM:608471]: A form of lattice corneal dystrophy, a class of inherited stromal amyloidoses characterized by pathognomonic branching lattice figures in the cornea. CDL3A is characterized by decreased visual acuity, and the presence of thick, ropy branching lattice lines and accumulations of amyloid deposits in the corneal stroma. Systemic amyloidosis is absent. CDL3A clinically resembles to lattice corneal dystrophy type 3, but differs in that its age of onset is 70 to 90 years. It has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Corneal dystrophy, Avellino type (CDA) [MIM:607541]: A corneal disease resulting in reduced visual acuity and characterized by gray, crumb-like granular deposits in the anterior third of the stroma in each corneal button. Fusiform amyloid deposits, histochemically and morphologically identical to those of lattice corneal dystrophy, are found in the deeper stroma. Additional features include recurrent corneal erosions, and glare and decreased night vision. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Sequence similarity: Contains 1 EMI domain.
    Contains 4 FAS1 domains.
    General information above from UniProt

    TGFBI is an RGD-containing protein that binds to type I, II and IV collagens. The RGD motif is found in many extracellular matrix proteins modulating cell adhesion and serves as a ligand recognition sequence for several integrins. TGFBI plays a role in cell-collagen interactions and may be involved in endochondrial bone formation in cartilage. TGFBI is induced by transforming growth factor-beta and acts to inhibit cell adhesion. Mutations in TGFBI are associated with multiple types of corneal dystrophy. TGFBI can bind to type I, II, and IV collagens. This adhesion protein may play an important role in cell-collagen interactions. In cartilage, TGFBI may be involved in endochondral bone formation. Loss of the TGFBI is sufficient to induce specific resistance.

    TGFBI Alternative Name

    BIGH3,CDB1,CDG2,CDGG1,CSD,CSD1,CSD2,CSD3,EBMD,LCD1,TGFBI, [human]
    68kDa,AI181842,AI747162,Beta-ig,big-h3,MGC150270,Tgfbi, [mouse]

    TGFBI Related Studies

  • Kannabiran C, et al. (2006) TGFBI gene mutations in corneal dystrophies. Hum Mutat. 27(7): 615-25.
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