alpha 1 Antitrypsin cDNA ORF Clone in Cloning Vector, Human

Cat: HG10306-M
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alpha 1 Antitrypsin cDNA ORF Clone in Cloning Vector, Human General Information
Gene
Species
Human
NCBI Ref Seq
RefSeq ORF Size
1257 bp
Sequence Description
Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for a point mutation 710T/C causing the encoded 237Val to be replaced by Ala.
Description
Full length Clone DNA of Human serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade A (alpha-1 antiproteinase, antitrypsin), member 1, transcript variant 1.
Plasmid
Vector
pMD18-T Simple Vector
Sequencing Primers
M13-47 and RV-M
Quality Control
The plasmid is confirmed by full-length sequencing.
Screening
Antibiotic in E.coli
Ampicillin
Storage & Shipping
Shipping
Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage
The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.
alpha 1 Antitrypsin cDNA ORF Neucleotide Sequence and Amino Acid Sequence Information

**Sino Biological guarantees 100% sequence accuracy of all synthetic DNA constructs we deliver, but we do not guarantee protein expression in your experimental system. Protein expression is influenced by many factors that may vary between experiments or laboratories.**

alpha 1 Antitrypsin cDNA ORF Clone in Cloning Vector, Human Alternative Names
A1A cDNA ORF Clone, Human;A1AT cDNA ORF Clone, Human;AAT cDNA ORF Clone, Human;alpha1AT cDNA ORF Clone, Human;MGC23330 cDNA ORF Clone, Human;MGC9222 cDNA ORF Clone, Human;PI cDNA ORF Clone, Human;PI1 cDNA ORF Clone, Human;PRO2275 cDNA ORF Clone, Human;SerpinA1 cDNA ORF Clone, Human
alpha 1 Antitrypsin Background Information

SerpinA1, also known as Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT), is a prototype member of the Serpin superfamily of the serine protease inhibitors. This serine protease inhibitor blocks the protease, neutrophil elastase. Alpha-1 antitrypsin is mainly produced in the liver and acts as an antiprotease. Its principal function is to inactivate neutrophil elastase, preventing tissue damage. SerpinA1 (alpha1-antitrypsin), an acute phase protein and the classical neutrophil elastase inhibitor, is localized within lipid rafts in primary human monocytes in vitro. It association with monocytes is inhibited by cholesterol depleting/efflux-stimulating agents (nystatin, filipin, MbetaCD (methyl-beta-cyclodextrin) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and conversely, enhanced by free cholesterol. Furthermore, SerpinA1/monocyte association per se depletes lipid raft cholesterol as characterized by the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2, formation of cytosolic lipid droplets, and a complete inhibition of oxLDL uptake by monocytes. Previous population studies have suggested that heterozygote status for the AAT gene (SerpinA1) is a risk factor for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a recently identified genetic disease that occurs almost as frequently as cystic fibrosis. It is caused by various mutations in the SerpinA1 gene, and has numerous clinical implications. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disease affecting the lung and liver. In the liver, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency may manifest as benign neonatal hepatitis syndrome; a small percentage of adults develop liver fibrosis, with progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Its most important physiologic functions are the protection of pulmonary tissue from aggressive proteolytic enzymes and regulation of pulmonary immune processes.

Full Name
serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade A (alpha-1 antiproteinase, antitrypsin), member 1
References
  • Khnlein T, et al. (2008) Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. Am J Med. 121(1): 3-9.
  • Camelier AA, et al. (2008) Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: diagnosis and treatment. J Bras Pneumol. 34(7): 514-27.
  • Subramaniyam D, et al. (2010) Cholesterol rich lipid raft microdomains are gateway for acute phase protein, SERPINA1. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 42(9): 1562-70.
  • Kilty SJ, et al. (2010) Polymorphisms in the SERPINA1 (Alpha-1-Antitrypsin) gene are associated with severe chronic rhinosinusitis unresponsive to medical therapy. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 24(1): e4-9.
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