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Rat SERPINA1 Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone)

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SERPINA1cDNA Clone Product Information
Gene Bank Ref.ID:NM_022519.2
cDNA Size:1236
cDNA Description:ORF Clone of Rattus norvegicus serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade A (alpha-1 antiproteinase, antitrypsin), member 1 DNA.
Gene Synonym:Pi, AAT, Spi1
Species:Rat
Vector:pUC19 Vector
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for the point mutations: 60C>G, 678C>T and 699G>A not causing the amino acid variation.
Shipping Carrier:Each tube contains approximately 10 μg of lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.
pUC19 vector Vector Information:

pUC19 is a small, high-copy number E. coli plasmid cloning vector, of which multiple cloning sites as shown below. The molecule is a small double-stranded circle, 2686 base pairs in length. pUC19 encodes the N-terminal fragment of b-galactosidase (lacZa), which allows for blue/white colony screening (i.e., a-complementation), as well as a pUC origin of replication.

pUC19 vector Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be amplified by PCR with M13-47 and RV-M primers.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

SerpinA1, also known as Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT), is a prototype member of the Serpin superfamily of the serine protease inhibitors. This serine protease inhibitor blocks the protease, neutrophil elastase. Alpha-1 antitrypsin is mainly produced in the liver and acts as an antiprotease. Its principal function is to inactivate neutrophil elastase, preventing tissue damage. SerpinA1 (alpha1-antitrypsin), an acute phase protein and the classical neutrophil elastase inhibitor, is localized within lipid rafts in primary human monocytes in vitro. It association with monocytes is inhibited by cholesterol depleting/efflux-stimulating agents (nystatin, filipin, MbetaCD (methyl-beta-cyclodextrin) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and conversely, enhanced by free cholesterol. Furthermore, SerpinA1/monocyte association per se depletes lipid raft cholesterol as characterized by the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2, formation of cytosolic lipid droplets, and a complete inhibition of oxLDL uptake by monocytes. Previous population studies have suggested that heterozygote status for the AAT gene (SerpinA1) is a risk factor for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a recently identified genetic disease that occurs almost as frequently as cystic fibrosis. It is caused by various mutations in the SerpinA1 gene, and has numerous clinical implications. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is an inherited disease affecting the lung and liver. In the liver, alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency may manifest as benign neonatal hepatitis syndrome; a small percentage of adults develop liver fibrosis, with progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Its most important physiologic functions are the protection of pulmonary tissue from aggressive proteolytic enzymes and regulation of pulmonary immune processes.

References
  • Khnlein T, et al. (2008) Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. Am J Med. 121(1): 3-9.
  • Camelier AA, et al. (2008) Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: diagnosis and treatment. J Bras Pneumol. 34(7): 514-27.
  • Subramaniyam D, et al. (2010) Cholesterol rich lipid raft microdomains are gateway for acute phase protein, SERPINA1. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 42(9): 1562-70.
  • Kilty SJ, et al. (2010) Polymorphisms in the SERPINA1 (Alpha-1-Antitrypsin) gene are associated with severe chronic rhinosinusitis unresponsive to medical therapy. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 24(1): e4-9.
  • Catalog:RG80476-U
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