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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
R-spondin-2, also known as RSPO2, synergizes with Wnt to activate beta-catenin. RSPO2 is secreted proteins that regulate beta-catenin signaling. Activator of the beta-catenin signaling cascade leads to TCF-dependent gene activation. Action both in the canonical Wnt / beta- catenin-dependent pathway, possibly via a direct interaction with Wnt proteins, and in a Wnt-independent beta catenin pathway through a receptor signaling pathway that may not use frizzled / LRP receptors. Probably also acts as a ligand for frizzled and LRP receptors. The encoding gene Rspo2 was identified as a novel common integration site for the mouse mammary tumor virus in viral induced mouse mammary tumors. Rspo2 and Rspo2 / Wnt1 tumors contained many spindle cells, consistent with an epithelial-mesenchymal transformation phenotype. When Rspo2 and Rspo2 / Wnt1 tumor cells were transferred into naive mice, they exhibited greater metastatic activity than cells derived from Wnt1 tumors.