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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
RCN3 belongs to the CREC family which contains multiple EF-hand Ca2+-binding proteins localized to the secretory pathway. RCN3 sequence is characterized by the presence of five Arg-Xaa-Xaa-Arg motifs, which represents the target sequence of subtilisin-like proprotein convertases(SPCs). SPCs are a family of seven structurally related serine endoproteases that are involved in the proteolytic activation of proproteins.RCN3 is transiently associated with proPACE4, but not with mature PACE4. Inhibition of PACE4 maturation by a Ca2+ ionophore resulted in accumulation of the proPACE4-RCN-3 complex in cells. It has been proposed that elective and transient association of RCN3 with the precursor of PACE4 plays an important role in the biosynthesis of PACE4.