|Datasheet||Specific References||Reviews||Related Products||Protocols|
The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
CD133, also known as PROM1 and Prominin 1, is a pentaspan transmembrane glycoprotein which belongs to the prominin family. It localizes to membrane protrusions and is often expressed on adult stem cells. CD133 is known to play a role in maintaining stem cell properties by suppressing differentiation. CD133 binds cholesterol in cholesterol-containing plasma membrane microdomains. It is proposed to play a role in apical plasma membrane organization of epithelial cells. CD133 is also involved in regulation of MAPK and Akt signaling pathways. Mutations in PROM1 gene have been shown to result in retinitis pigmentosa and Stargardt disease. PROM1 gene is expressed from at least five alternative promoters that are expressed in a tissue-dependent manner. Expression of this gene is also associated with several types of cancer.