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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
PRC1 (protein regulator of cytokinesis 1) is a key regulator of cytokinesis that cross-links antiparrallel microtubules at an average distance of 35 nM. It is essential for controlling the spatiotemporal formation of the midzone and successful cytokinesis. PRC1 is required for KIF14 localization to the central spindle and midbody. It is also required to recruit PLK1 to the spindle. PRC1 stimulates PLK1 phosphorylation of RACGAP1 to allow recruitment of ECT2 to the central spindle. It is a homodimer and interacts with the C-terminal Rho-GAP domain and the basic region of RACGAP1. The interaction with RACGAP1 inhibits its GAP activity towards CDC42 in vitro, which may be required for maintaining normal spindle morphology. PRC1 also interacts separately via its N-terminal region with the C-terminus of CENPE, KIF4A and KIF23 during late mitosis. It interacts with KIF14, IF20A and PLK1.