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Human PHYH Gene ORF cDNA clone in cloning vector

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Human PHYH cDNA Clone Product Information
NCBI RefSeq:BC029512
RefSeq ORF Size:1017bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens phytanoyl-CoA 2-hydroxylase.
Gene Synonym:RD, LN1, PAHX, LNAP1, PHYH1, PHYH
Species:Human
Vector:pGEM-T Vector
Plasmid:pGEM-PHYH
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence.
Sequencing primers:SP6 and T7 or M13-47 and RV-M
Promoter:
Application:
Antibiotic in E.coli:Ampicilin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
pGEM-T Vector Information

The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.

pGEM-T Simple Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

PHYH belongs to the family of iron(II)-dependent oxygenases, which typically incorporate one atom of dioxygen into the substrate and one atom into the succinate carboxylate group. PHYH is expressed in liver, kidney, and T-cells, but not in spleen, brain, heart, lung and skeletal muscle. It converts phytanoyl-CoA to 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA. Defects in PHYH can cause Refsum disease (RD). RD is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized clinically by a tetrad of abnormalities: retinitis pigmentosa, peripheral neuropathy, cerebellar ataxia, and elevated protein levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Patients exhibit accumulation of the branched-chain fatty acid, phytanic acid, in blood and tissues.

References
  • Mihalik SJ, et al. (1997) Identification of PAHX, a Refsum disease gene. Nat Genet. 17(2): 185-9.
  • McDonough MA, et al. (2005) Structure of human phytanoyl-CoA 2-hydroxylase identifies molecular mechanisms of Refsum disease. J Biol Chem. 280(49):41101-10.
  • Jansen GA, et al. (1998) Characterization of phytanoyl-Coenzyme A hydroxylase in human liver and activity measurements in patients with peroxisomal disorders. Clin Chim Acta. 271 (2):203-11.
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