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pMD18-T Simple Vector is a high-efficiency TA cloning vector constructed from pUC18, of which the initial multiple cloning sites (MCS) were destroyed. Thus the cDNA should be amplified by PCR with primers containing a restriction site for subclone. Competent cells appropriate for pUC18 are also appropriated for the Vector, e.g. JM109, DH5α, TOP10. The pMD18-T Simple Vector is 2.6kb in size. Selection of the plasmid in E. coli is conferred by the ampicillin resistance gene. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning at site 425.
The coding sequence can be amplified by PCR with M13-47 and RV-M primers.
Pigment epithelium-derived factor, also known as PEDF, Serpin F1, and SERPINF1, is a multiple functional protein which has both anti-angiogenic activity and neurotrophic activity at the same time. PEDF is a secreted glycoprotein that belongs to the noninhibitory serpin. It has an alpha/beta core serine-protease inhibitor domain, three major beta-sheets, and ten alpha-helices. PEDF does not inhibit either serine or cysteine proteinases. PEDF exerts diverse physiological activities including anti-angiogenesis, anti-vasopermeability, anti-tumor, and neurotrophic activities. PEDF acts via multiple high affinity ligands and cell receptors. It has been described as a natural angiogenesis inhibitor with neurotrophic and immune-modulation properties. PEDF induces macrophages apoptosis and necrosis through the activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma by which PEDF could modulate inflammatory reactions in septic shock. It balances angiogenesis in the eye and blocks tumor progression.