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Human LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1 ELISA Pair Set

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Materials provided
Capture Ab:0.1 mg/mL of mouse anti-LAMP1 monoclonal antibody, Dilute to a working concentration of 2 μg/mL in CBS before coating.
Detection Ab:0.5 mg/mL mouse anti-LAMP1 monoclonal antibody conjugated to horseradish-peroxidase (HRP). Dilute to working concentration of 1 μg/mL in detection antibody dilution buffer before use.
Standard:Each vial contains 65 ng of recombinant LAMP1. Reconstitute with 1 mL detection antibody dilution buffer. After reconstitution, store at -20℃ to -70℃ in a manual defrost freezer. A seven-point standard curve usi ng 2-fold serial dilutions in sample dilution buffer, and a high standard of 1 ng/mL is recommended.
Sensitivity
The minimum detectable dose of Human LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1 was determined to be approximately 15.6 pg/ml. This is defined as at least three times standard deviations above the mean optical density of 10 replicates of the zero standard.
Principle of the product
The Human LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1 ELISA Pair Set is for the quantitative determination of Human LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1.
This ELISA Pair Set contains the basic components required for the development of sandwich ELISAs.
The Sino Biological ELISA Pair Set is a solid phase sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay). It utilizes a monoclonal antibody specific for LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1 coated on a 96-well plate. Standards and samples are added to the wells, and any LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1 present binds to the immobilized antibody. The wells are washed and a horseradish peroxidase conjugated mouse anti-LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1 monoclonal antibody is then added, producing an antibody-antigen-antibody “sandwich”. The wells are again washed and TMB substrate solution is loaded, which produces color in proportion to the amount of LAMP-1 / CD107a / LAMP1 present in the sample. To end the enzyme reaction, the stop solution is added and absorbances of the microwell are read at 450 nm.
Storage
Capture Antibody: Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -70℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Detection Antibody: Protect it from prolonged exposure to light. Aliquot and store at -20℃ to -70℃ and for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Standard: Store lyophilized Standard at -20℃ to -70℃ for up to 6 months from date of receipt. Aliquot and store the reconstituted Standard at -20℃ to -70℃ for up to 1 month. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Background

Lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 1, also known as CD107 antigen-like family member A, CD107a, and LAMP1, is a single-pass type I membrane protein which belongs to the LAMP family. CD107a is expressed largely in the endosome-lysosome membranes of cells, but is also found on the plasma membrane (1-2% of total LAMP1). LAMP1 has been implicated in a variety of cellular functions, including cancer metastasis. It has been proposed LAMP1 serves as a therapeutic agent for some cancers, as well as a marker for lysosomal storage disorders and different cell types such as cytotoxic T cells. LAMP2, also known as CD107b, may also play a role in tumor cell metastasis and functions in the protection, maintenance, and adhesion of the lysosome. Cell surface LAMP1 and LAMP2 have been shown to promote adhesion of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to vascular endothelium, therefore they are possibly involved in the adhesion of PBMCs to the site of inflammation. LAMP-1 is a glycoprotein highly expressed in lysosomal membranes. The present study was initiated to test LAMP-1 mRNA and protein levels in post mortem frontal cortex (area 8) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) stages I-IIA/B and stages V-VIC of Braak and Braak, compared with age-matched controls. LAMP-1 occurred in microglia and multinucleated giant cells in one AD case in whom amyloid burden was cleared following betaA-peptide immunization. In addition, LAMP-1 has been suggested to be a cell surface receptor for a specific amelogenin isoform, leucine-rich amelogenin peptide or LRAP. LAMP-1 can serve as a cell surface binding site for amelogenin on dental follicle cells and cementoblasts.

References
  • Parkinson-Lawrence EJ, et al. (2005) Immunochemical analysis of CD107a (LAMP-1). Cell Immunol. 236(1-2): 161-6.
  • Barrachina M, et al. (2006) Lysosome-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP-1) in Alzheimer's disease. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 32(5): 505-16.
  • Zhang H, et al. (2010) Full length amelogenin binds to cell surface LAMP-1 on tooth root/periodontium associated cells. Arch Oral Biol. 55(6): 417-25.
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