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Rat KIT Gene cDNA clone plasmid

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Rat c-Kit cDNA Clone Product Information
NCBI RefSeq:NM_022264.1
RefSeq ORF Size:2937bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Rattus norvegicus v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog.
Gene Synonym:Kit
Species:Rat
Vector:pGEM-T Vector
Plasmid:pGEM-ratKIT
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for the point mutations: 2122 C/T resulting in the amino acid Leu substitution by Phe and 2190 C/G not causing the amino acid variation.
Sequencing primers:SP6 and T7 or M13-47 and RV-M
Promoter:
Application:
Antibiotic in E.coli:Ampicilin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
pGEM-T Vector Information

The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.

pGEM-T Simple Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

C-Kit is a type 3 transmembrane receptor for MGF (mast cell growth factor, also known as stem cell factor). c-Kit contains 5 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domains.and 1 protein kinase domain. It belongs to the protein kinase superfamily, tyr protein kinase family and CSF-1/PDGF receptor subfamily. C-Kit contains 5 Ig-like C2-type (immunoglobulin-like) domains and 1 protein kinase domain. C-Kit has a tyrosine-protein kinase activity. Binding of the ligands leads to the autophosphorylation of KIT and its association with substrates such as phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. Antibodies to c-Kit are widely used in immunohistochemistry to help distinguish particular types of tumour in histological tissue sections. It is used primarily in the diagnosis of GISTs. In GISTs, c-Kit staining is typically cytoplasmic, with stronger accentuation along the cell membranes. C-Kit antibodies can also be used in the diagnosis of mast cell tumours and in distinguishing seminomas from embryonal carcinomas. Mutations in c-Kit gene are associated with gastrointestinal stromal tumors, mast cell disease, acute myelogenous lukemia, and piebaldism. Defects in KIT are a cause of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). AML is a malignant disease in which hematopoietic precursors are arrested in an early stage of development. Note=Somatic mutations that lead to constitutive activation of KIT are detected in AML patients.

References
  • Andre C, et al. (1997) Sequence analysis of two genomic regions containing the KIT and the FMS receptor tyrosine kinase genes. Genomics. 39(2):216-26.
  • Yarden Y, et al. (1987) Human proto-oncogene c-kit: a new cell surface receptor tyrosine kinase for an unidentified ligand. EMBO J. 6(11):3341-51.
  • Leong KG, et al. (2008) Generation of a prostate from a single adult stem cell. Nature. 456(7223): 804-8.
  • Edling CE, et al. (2007) c-Kit--a hematopoietic cell essential receptor tyrosine kinase. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 39(11):1995-8.
  • McIntyre A, et al. (2005) Amplification and overexpression of the KIT gene is associated with progression in the seminoma subtype of testicular germ cell tumors of adolescents and adults. Cancer Res. 65(18):8085-9.
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