Human Antithrombin III HEK293 Overexpression Lysate Product Information
This Human Antithrombin III overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Antithrombin III protein (Cat: 10142-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human SerpinC1 (NP_000479.1) (Met 1-Lys 464) was expressed with a C-terminal polyhistidine tag.
The recombinant human SerpinC1 consists of 443 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 50.5 kDa. In SDS-PAGE, the apparent molecular mass of rhSerpinC1 is approximately 55-60 kDa due to glycosylation.
Human Antithrombin III HEK293 Overexpression Lysate Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB)
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human Antithrombin III HEK293 Overexpression Lysate Alternative Names
Human AT3 Overexpression Lysate;Human AT3D Overexpression Lysate;Human ATIII Overexpression Lysate;Human MGC22579 Overexpression Lysate;Human SerpinC1 Overexpression Lysate;Human THPH7 Overexpression Lysate
Antithrombin III Background Information
SerpinC1, also known as antithrombin III (AT III), is a member of the serpin superfamily of serine protease inhibitors, and has been found to be a marker for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and to be of prognostic significance in septic patients. SerpinC1 synthesized in the liver is the principal plasma serpin of blood coagulation proteases and inhibits thrombin and other factors such as Xa by the formation of covalently linked complexes. Thus it is one of the most important coagulation inhibitors and the fundamental enzyme for the therapeutical action of heparin. In common with SerpinA5 and D1, the inhibitory activity of SerpinC1 undergoes a dramatic increase in the presence of heparin and other glycosaminoglycans. ATIII mediates the promotion of prostaglandin release, an inhibitor of leucocyte activation and downregulator of many proinflammatory cytokines. Antithrombin III exerts anti-inflammatory properties in addition to its anti-coagulative mechanisms. In animal models of sepsis, ATIII affected cytokine plasma concentrations with a decrease of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The deficiency or functional abnormality of ATIII may result in an increased risk of thromboembolic disease, such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. In addition, it has been reported that SerpinC1 can alter or influence inflammatory processes via inhibition of NF-κB activation or actin polymerization.
serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade C (antithrombin), member 1
de Sousa JC, et al. (1991) Antithrombin III. Physiologic, physiopathologic and laboratory aspects. Rev Port Cardiol. 10(9): 693-9.Totzke G, et al. (2001) Antithrombin III enhances inducible nitric oxide synthase gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells. Cell Immunol. 208(1): 1-8.Ostermann H. (2002) Antithrombin III in Sepsis. New evidences and open questions. Minerva Anestesiol. 68(5): 445-8.Caglikulekci M, et al. (2004) Effect of antithrombin-III (AT-III) on intestinal epithelium changes related to obstructive icterus: experimental study in rats. Ann Chir. 129(5): 273-7.