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Human PAK3 Gene ORF cDNA clone expression plasmid, N-His tag

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Human PAK3 cDNA Clone Product Information
NCBI RefSeq:NM_001128166.1
RefSeq ORF Size:1635bp
cDNA Description:Full length Clone DNA of Homo sapiens p21 protein (Cdc42/Rac)-activated kinase 3 with N terminal His tag.
Gene Synonym:bPAK, MRX30, MRX47, OPHN3, hPAK3, CDKN1A, PAK3beta, PAK3
Species:Human
Vector:pCMV3-N-His
Plasmid:
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:His Tag Sequence: CACCATCACCACCATCATCACCACCATCAC
Sequence Description:
Sequencing primers:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG) BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)
Promoter:Enhanced CMV mammalian cell promoter
Application:Stable or Transient mammalian expression
Antibiotic in E.coli:Kanamycin
Antibiotic in mammalian cell:Hygromycin
Shipping_carrier:Each tube contains lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at room temperature for three months.
His Tag Info

A polyhistidine-tag is an amino acid motif in proteins that consists of at least five histidine (His) residues, often at the N- or C-terminus of the protein.

Polyhistidine-tags are often used for affinity purification of polyhistidine-tagged recombinant proteins expressed in Escherichia coli and other prokaryotic expression systems.

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Background

PAK3 is a member of PAK proteins, a family of serine/threonine p21-activating kinases, serve as effectors of small Rho GTPases Cdc42 and RAC and have been implicated in a wide range of biological activities. There are six mammalian PAKs which can be divided into two groups: group I PAKs (PAK1-3) and group II PAKs (PAK4-6). Although the two PAK groups are architecturally similar there are differences in their mode of regulation suggesting their cellular functions are likely to be different. Group I p21-activated kinases (PAK1/2/3) is demonstrated as ERK3/ERK4 activation loop kinases. It has been shown that group I PAKs phosphorylate ERK3 and ERK4 on Ser-189 and Ser-186, respectively, both in vitro and in vivo, and that expression of activated Rac1 augments this response. Besides regulation enzymatic activation of ERK3/ERK4, PAKs can also play roles in downstream activation of MAP kinase-activated protein kinase 5 (MK5) in vivo. Thus, the  group I PAKs act as upstream activators of ERK3 and ERK4 and unravel a novel PAK-ERK3/ERK4-MK5 signaling pathway. In clinical, PAK has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target in schwannomas.

References
  • Whale A, et al. (2011) Signalling to cancer cell invasion through PAK family kinases. Front Biosci. 16: 849-64.
  • Deleris P, et al. (2011) Activation loop phosphorylation of ERK3/ERK4 by group I p21-activated kinases (PAKs) defines a novel PAK-ERK3/4-MAPK-activated protein kinase 5 signaling pathway. J Biol Chem. 286 (8): 6470-8.
  • Canet B, et al. (2011) Ovarian clear cell carcinomas: RHO GTPases may contribute to explain their singular biologic behavior. Hum Pathol. 42 (6): 833-9.
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