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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
Hemojuvelin, also known as HFE2, is a membrane-bound and soluble protein which belongs to the repulsive guidance molecule (RGM) family. It is known that RGMs function through Neogenin, a homologue of the Netrin receptor deleted in colon cancer. In mammals, RGM family consists of three glycoproteins which have discrete expression patterns and functions (RGM-A, RGM-B, and RGM-C). Hemojuvelin is expressed in adult and fetal liver, heart, and skeletal muscle. Hemojuvelin acts as a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) coreceptor. Enhancement of BMP signaling regulates hepcidin (HAMP) expression and iron metabolism. It plays a key role in iron metabolism. Hemojuvelin represents the cellular receptor for hepcidin. It may be a component of the signaling pathway which activates hepcidin or it may act as a modulator of hepcidin expression. Defects in hemojuvelin are the cause of hemochromatosis type 2A, also known as juvenile hemochromatosis (JH).