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GREM1 Rabbit PAb

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    Mouse GREM1 Antibody Product Information
    Immunogen:Recombinant Mouse Gremlin 1 / GREM1 protein (Catalog#50016-M08B)
    Clone ID:
    Ig Type:Rabbit IgG
    Concentration:
    Endotoxin:
    Formulation:0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with 5% trehalose
    Preparation:Produced in rabbits immunized with purified, recombinant Mouse Gremlin 1 / GREM1 (rM Gremlin 1 / GREM1; Catalog#50016-M08B; O70326; Met1-Asp184). Total IgG was purified by Protein A affinity chromatography.
    Other GREM1 Antibody Products
    GREM1 Background

    GREM1 belongs to the DAN family. It contains 1 CTCK (C-terminal cystine knot-like) domain. GREM1 is a cysteine knot-secreted protein and acts as an inhibitor in the TGF beta signaling pathway. It inhibits BMP-2, -4, and -7. Inhibition by grem 1 of BMPs in mice allow the expression of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) 4 and 8 and Sonic hedgehog (SHH) which are necessary for proper limb development. It interacts with SLIT1 and SLIT2 in a glycosylation-dependent manner. As a cytokine, GREM1 may play an important role during carcinogenesis and metanephric kidney organogenesis, as a BMP antagonist required for early limb outgrowth and patterning in maintaining the FGF4-SHH feedback loop. It down-regulates the BMP4 signaling in a dose-dependent manner. It also acts as inhibitor of monocyte chemotaxis. GREM1 is highly expressed in small intestine, fetal brain and colon.

    Mouse GREM1 References
  • Dimitrov BI, et al. (2010) Genomic rearrangements of the GREM1-FMN1 locus cause oligosyndactyly, radio-ulnar synostosis, hearing loss, renal defects syndrome and Cenani--Lenz-like non-syndromic oligosyndactyly. J Med Genet. 47(8):569-74.
  • Heron M, et al. (2011) Genetic variation in GREM1 is a risk factor for fibrosis in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Tissue Antigens. 77(2):112-7.
  • van Vlodrop IJ, et al. (2010) Prognostic significance of Gremlin1 (GREM1) promoter CpG island hypermethylation in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Am J Pathol. 176(2):575-84.
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