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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
Fibroblast growth factor receptor-like 1 (FGFRL1) also known as Fibroblast growth factor receptor 5 (FGFR5), is a member of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family, where amino acid sequence is highly conserved between members and throughout evolution. A full-length representative protein would consist of an extracellular region, composed of three immunoglobulin-like domains, a single hydrophobic membrane-spanning segment and a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase domain. The extracellular portion of the protein interacts with fibroblast growth factors, setting in motion a cascade of downstream signals, ultimately influencing mitogenesis and differentiation. A unique feature of FGFRL1/FGFR5 is that it does not contain an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain. Some muscle types, including the muscles of the tongue and the diaphragm, express FGFRL1/FGFR5 at relatively high level. In contrast, the heart and the skeletal muscles of the limbs, as well as many other organs (brain, lung, liver, kidney, gut) express Fgfrl1 only at basal level. It is conceivable that FGFRL1/FGFR5 interacts with other Fgfrs, which are expressed in cartilage and muscle, to modulate FGF signaling.