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pMD18-T Simple Vector is a high-efficiency TA cloning vector constructed from pUC18, of which the initial multiple cloning sites (MCS) were destroyed. Thus the cDNA should be amplified by PCR with primers containing a restriction site for subclone. Competent cells appropriate for pUC18 are also appropriated for the Vector, e.g. JM109, DH5α, TOP10. The pMD18-T Simple Vector is 2.6kb in size. Selection of the plasmid in E. coli is conferred by the ampicillin resistance gene. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning at site 425.
The coding sequence can be amplified by PCR with M13-47 and RV-M primers.
DNMT2, also known as tRNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase, DNA methyltransferase homolog HsaIIP, and TRDMT1, is a member of the DNA methyltransferase family of enzymes. DNMT2 enzymes have been widely conserved during evolution and contain all of the signature motifs of DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferases. It contains all 10 sequence motifs that are conserved among m(5)C MTases, including the consensus S:-adenosyl-L-methionine-binding motifs and the active site ProCys dipeptide, and its structure is very similar to prokaryotic DNA methyltransferases. DNMT2 has close homologs in plants, insects and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, but no related sequence can be found in the genomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Caenorhabditis elegans. While the biological function of DNMT2 is not yet known, the strong binding to DNA suggests that DNMT2 may mark specific sequences in the genome by binding to DNA through the specific target-recognizing motif. However, the DNA methyltransferase activity of these proteins is comparatively weak and their biochemical and functional properties remain enigmatic. Recent evidence now shows that Dnmt2 has a novel tRNA methyltransferase activity, raising the possibility that the biological roles of these proteins might be broader than previously thought.