DEP1 / PTPRJ (Receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase eta) is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) family. PTPs are known to be signaling molecules that regulate a variety of cellular processes, including cell growth, differentiation, mitotic cycle, and oncogenic transformation. DEP1 / PTPRJ possesses an extracellular region containing five fibronectin type III repeats, a single transmembrane region, and a single intracytoplasmic catalytic domain, and thus represents a receptor-type PTP. DEP1 / PTPRJ is present in all hematopoietic lineages, and was shown to negatively regulate T cell receptor signaling possibly through interfering with the phosphorylation of Phospholipase C Gamma 1 and Linker for Activation of T Cells. This protein can also dephosphorylate the PDGF beta receptor, and may be involved in UV-induced signal transduction. In stable MCF-7 cell lines lines, induction of DEP-1 expression inhibited breast cancer cell growth by 5-1-fold. These data describe PTPs expressed and regulated in breast cancer cell lines during differentiation and identify one PTP, DEP-1, that inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells in vitro.
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