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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
DCX (doublecortin, N-GST chimera)contains 2 doublecortin domains and belongs to the doublecortin family. It is highly expressed in neuronal cells of fetal brain, but not expressed in other fetal tissues. In the adult, it is highly expressed in the brain frontal lobe, but very low expression in other regions of brain, and not detected in heart, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscles, kidney and pancreas. DCX is a microtubule-associated protein required for initial steps of neuronal dispersion and cortex lamination during cerebral cortex development. It may act by competing with the putative neuronal protein kinase DCAMKL1 in binding to a target protein. DCX may in that way participate in a signaling pathway that is crucial for neuronal interaction before and during migration, possibly as part of a calcium ion-dependent signal transduction pathway. It may be part with LIS-1 of a overlapping, but distinct, signaling pathways that promote neuronal migration. Defects in DCX are the cause of lissencephaly X-linked type 1 and subcortical band heterotopia X-linked.