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Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Protein, Antibody, ELISA Kit, cDNA Clone

Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Related Areas

Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Related Pathways

Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Related Product

    Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Summary & Protein Information

    Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Background

    Gene Summary: This gene encodes coagulation factor XIII B subunit. Coagulation factor XIII is the last zymogen to become activated in the blood coagulation cascade. Plasma factor XIII is a heterotetramer composed of 2 A subunits and 2 B subunits. The A subunits have catalytic function, and the B subunits do not have enzymatic activity and may serve as a plasma carrier molecules. Platelet factor XIII is comprised only of 2 A subunits, which are identical to those of plasma origin. Upon activation by the cleavage of the activation peptide by thrombin and in the presence of calcium ion, the plasma factor XIII dissociates its B subunits and yields the same active enzyme, factor XIIIa, as platelet factor XIII. This enzyme acts as a transglutaminase to catalyze the formation of gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine crosslinking between fibrin molecules, thus stabilizing the fibrin clot. Factor XIII deficiency is classified into two categories: type I deficiency, characterized by the lack of both the A and B subunits; and type II deficiency, characterized by the lack of the A subunit alone. These defects can result in a lifelong bleeding tendency, defective wound healing, and habitual abortion.
    General information above from NCBI
    Subunit structure: Tetramer of two A chains and two B chains.
    Subcellular location: Secreted.
    Involvement in disease: Factor XIII subunit B deficiency (FA13BD) [MIM:613235]: An autosomal recessive hematologic disorder characterized by a life-long bleeding tendency, impaired wound healing and spontaneous abortion in affected women. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
    Sequence similarity: Contains 10 Sushi (CCP/SCR) domains.
    General information above from UniProt

    Coagulation factor XIII B chain, also known as Fibrin-stabilizing factor B subunit, Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase B chain, Transglutaminase B chain and F13B, is a secreted protein which contains 10 Sushi ( CCP / SCR ) domains. Coagulation factor XIII is the last zymogen to become activated in the blood coagulation cascade. Plasma factor XIII is a heterotetramer composed of 2 A subunits and 2 B subunits. The A subunits have catalytic function, and the B subunits do not have enzymatic activity and may serve as a plasma carrier molecules. Platelet factor XIII is composed of just 2 A subunits, which are identical to those of plasma origin. The B chain of factor XIII is not catalytically active, but is thought to stabilize the A subunits and regulate the rate of transglutaminase formation by thrombin. Factor XIII acts as a transglutaminase to catalyze the formation of gamma-glutamyl-epsilon-lysine crosslinking between fibrin molecules, thus stabilizing the fibrin clot. Factor XIII deficiency is classified into two categories: type I deficiency, characterized by the lack of both the A and B subunits; and type II deficiency, characterized by the lack of the A subunit alone. These defects can result in a lifelong bleeding tendency, defective wound healing, and habitual abortion. Defects in F13B are the cause of factor XIII subunit B deficiency ( FA13BD ) which is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a life-long bleeding tendency, impaired wound healing and spontaneous abortion in affected women.

    Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Alternative Name

    Coagulation Factor XIII B chain Related Studies

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