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CXCL4 / PF4 Protein, Antibody, ELISA Kit, cDNA Clone

CXCL4 / PF4 Related Areas

CXCL4 / PF4 Related Pathways

CXCL4 / PF4 Related Product

CXCL4 / PF4 Summary & Protein Information

CXCL4 / PF4 Related Information

CXCL4 / PF4 Background

Gene Summary: PF4 gene encodes a member of the CXC chemokine family. This chemokine is released from the alpha granules of activated platelets in the form of a homotetramer which has high affinity for heparin and is involved in platelet aggregation. This protein is chemotactic for numerous other cell type and also functions as an inhibitor of hematopoiesis, angiogenesis and T-cell function. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]
General information above from NCBI
Subunit structure: Homotetramer.
Subcellular location: Secreted.
Sequence similarity: Belongs to the intercrine alpha (chemokine CxC) family.
General information above from UniProt

Platelet factor 4 (PF4), also known as chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 4 (CXCL4), is a small cytokine belonging to the CXC chemokine family. CXCL4/PF4 is released from the alpha-granules of activated platelets and binds with high affinity to heparin. Its major physiologic role appears to be neutralization of heparin-like molecules on the endothelial surface of blood vessels, thereby inhibiting local antithrombin III activity and promoting coagulation. As a strong chemoattractant for neutrophils and fibroblasts, CXCL4/PF4 probably has a role in inflammation and wound repair. This protein is released during platelet aggregation. CXCL4/PF4 neutralizes the anticoagulant effect of heparin because it binds more strongly to heparin than to the chondroitin-4-sulfate chains of the carrier molecule. CXCL4 is chemotactic for neutrophils and monocytes. It inhibits endothelial cell proliferation, the short form is a more potent inhibitor than the longer form. CXCL4/PF4 is up-regulated in human liver fibrosis and that it plays a nonredundant, functional role in experimental liver fibrosis by mediating stellate cell proliferation, migration, and intrahepatic immune cell recruitment.

CXCL4 / PF4 Alternative Name

CXCL4 / PF4 Related Studies

  • Zaldivar MM, et al. (2010) CXC chemokine ligand 4 (Cxcl4) is a platelet-derived mediator of experimental liver fibrosis. Hepatology. 51(4): 1345-53.
  • Lasagni L, et al. (2007) PF-4/CXCL4 and CXCL4L1 exhibit distinct subcellular localization and a differentially regulated mechanism of secretion. Blood. 109(10): 4127-34.
  • Struyf S, et al. (2004) Platelets release CXCL4L1, a nonallelic variant of the chemokine platelet factor-4/CXCL4 and potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. Circ Res. 95(9): 855-7.
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