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Rat CNTN1 Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone)

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CNTN1cDNA Clone Product Information
Gene Bank Ref.ID:NM_057118.1
cDNA Size:3066
cDNA Description:ORF Clone of Rattus norvegicus contactin 1 DNA.
Gene Synonym:F3, Cntn1
Species:Rat
Vector:pGEM-T Vector
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for the point mutation 1584 C/G,2034 G/A,2457 C/A,2505 A/G and 2511 G/A not causing the amino acid variation.
Shipping Carrier:Whatman FTA elute card (Cat: WB120410) contains 5-10 μg of plasmid.
Storage:The Whatman FTA elute card can be stored at room temperature for three months under dry condition.
pGEM-T vector information

The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.

pGEM-T Simple Usage Suggestion:

The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

Contactins are a subgroup of molecules belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily that are expressed exclusively in the nervous system. The subgroup consists of six members: Contactin-1, Contactin-2 (TAG-1), Contactin-3 (BIG-1), BIG-2, Contactin-5 (NB-2) and NB-3. Since their identification in the late 1980s, Contactin-1 and Contactin-2 have been studied extensively. Axonal expression and the neurite extension activity of Contactin-1 and Contactin-2 attracted researchers to study the function of these molecules in axon guidance during development. Contactin-1 and Contactin-2 have come to be known as the principal molecules in the function and maintenance of myelinated neurons. In contrast, the function of the other four members of this subgroup remained unknown until recently. Contactin-1 is a cell surface adhesion molecule that is normally expressed by neurons and oligodendrocytes. Particularly high levels of Contactin-1 are present during brain development. Contactin-1 and Contactin-2 are differentially expressed in a number of neuronal tissues during development, and they interact with several ligands including Nr-CAM, L1, NCAM, neurocan, phosphacan, and tenascin. As a cell adhesion molecule, Contactin-1 plays a role in the formation of axon connections in the developing nervous system. It was demonstrated that Contactin-1 participates in signal pathways via its association with Contactin-associated protein (CNTNAP1), receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase beta (RPTPb) and NOTCH1. Contactin-1 is also involved in paranodal axo-glial junction formation and oligodendrocytes generation. Furthermore, studies indicated that Contactin-1 functions importantly in the invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Contactin-1 may also significantly influence the functional expression and distribution of Na+ channels in neurons.

References
  • Kazarinova NK, et al. (2001) Contactin associates with Na+ channels and increases their functional expression. J Neurosci. 21 (19):7517-25.
  • Eckerich C, et al. (2006) Contactin is expressed in human astrocytic gliomas and mediates repulsive effects. Glia. 53(1):1-12.
  • Su JL, et al. (2006) Knockdown of contactin-1 expression suppresses invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma. Cancer research 66 (5):2553-61.
  • Compton AG, et al. (2008) Mutations in contactin-1, a neural adhesion and neuromuscular junction protein, cause a familial form of lethal congenital myopathy. Am J Hum Genet. 83 (6):714-24.
  • Mikami T, et al. (2009) Contactin-1 is a functional receptor for neuroregulatory chondroitin sulfate-E. J Biol Chem. 284(7):4494-9.
  • Please note: All products are "FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY AND ARE NOT INTENDED FOR DIAGNOSTIC OR THERAPEUTIC USE"