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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
CNPY4 belongs to the canopy family. CNPY4 interacts with toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and plays a role in the regulation of the cell surface expression of TLR4. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize microbial products and induce immune responses. Lipopolysaccharide is recognized by the receptor complex consisting of TLR4 and MD-2. As CNPY4, PRAT4B also regulates cell surface expression of TLR4. PRAT4B has a signal peptide followed by a mature peptide. It is associated with the hypoglycosylated, immature form of TLR4 but not with MD-2 or TLR2.