CD98: CD98 Protein | CD98 Antibody

CD98 Gene family

CD98 Background

4F2 cell-surface antigen heavy chain, also known as 4F2 heavy chain antigen, Lymphocyte activation antigen 4F2 large subunit, CD98, SLC3A2 and MDU1, is a single-pass type I I membrane protein which belongs to the SLC3A transporter family. SLC3A2 / MDU1 is expressed ubiquitously in all tissues tested with highest levels detected in kidney, placenta and testis and weakest level in thymus. During gestation, expression in the placenta is significantly stronger at full-term than at the mid-trimester stage. SLC3A2 / MDU1 is expressed in HUVECS and at low levels in resting peripheral blood T-lymphocytes and quiescent fibroblasts. It is expressed in fetal liver and in the astrocytic process of primary astrocytic gliomas. SLC3A2 / MDU1 is also expressed in retinal endothelial cells and in the intestinal epithelial cell line Caco2-BBE. SLC3A2 / MDU1 is required for the function of light chain amino-acid transporters. It involved in sodium-independent, high-affinity transport of large neutral amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, leucine, arginine and tryptophan. SLC3A2 / MDU1 is involved in guiding and targeting of LAT1 and LAT2 to the plasma membrane. When associated with SLC7A6 or SLC7A7, SLC3A2 / MDU1 acts as an arginine/glutamine exchanger, following an antiport mechanism for amino acid transport, influencing arginine release in exchange for extracellular amino acids. SLC3A2 / MDU1 plays a role in nitric oxide synthesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) via transport of L-arginine. It is required for normal and neoplastic cell growth. When associated with SLC7A5/LAT1, SLC3A2 / MDU1 is also involved in the transport of L-DOPA across the blood-brain barrier, and that of thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) across the cell membrane in tissues such as placenta.

Reference for CD98

  • Torrents D. et al., 1998, J Biol Chem. 273: 32437-45.
  • Pfeiffer R. et al., 1999, EMBO J. 18: 49-57.
  • Broeer A. et al., 2000, Biochem J. 349: 787-95.
  • Yanagida O. et al., 2001, Biochim Biophys Acta. 1514: 291-302.
  • Broeer A. et al., 2001, Biochem J. 355: 725-31.
  • Fort J. et al., 2007, J Biol Chem. 282: 31444-52.

CD98 Protein

CD98 protein function

Required for the function of light chain amino-acid transporters. Involved in sodium-independent, high-affinity transport of large neutral amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, leucine, arginine and tryptophan. Involved in guiding and targeting of LAT1 and LAT2 to the plasma membrane. When associated with SLC7A6 or SLC7A7 acts as an arginine/glutamine exchanger, following an antiport mechanism for amino acid transport, influencing arginine release in exchange for extracellular amino acids. Plays a role in nitric oxide synthesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) via transport of L-arginine. Required for normal and neoplastic cell growth. When associated with SLC7A5/LAT1, is also involved in the transport of L-DOPA across the blood-brain barrier, and that of thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) across the cell membrane in tissues such as placenta. Involved in the uptake of methylmercury (MeHg) when administered as the L-cysteine or D,L-homocysteine complexes, and hence plays a role in metal ion homeostasis and toxicity. When associated with SLC7A5 or SLC7A8, involved in the cellular activity of small molecular weight nitrosothiols, via the stereoselective transport of L-nitrosocysteine (L-CNSO) across the transmembrane. Together with ICAM1, regulates the transport activity LAT2 in polarized intestinal cells, by generating and delivering intracellular signals. When associated with SLC7A5, plays an important role in transporting L-leucine from the circulating blood to the retina across the inner blood-retinal barrier. When associated with LAPTM4B, recruits SLC3A2 and SLC7A5 to lysosomes to promote leucine uptake into these organelles and is required for mTORC1 activation (PubMed:25998567). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10903140, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11311135, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11389679, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11557028, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11564694, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11742812, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12117417, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12225859, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12716892, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14603368, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15769744, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15980244, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25998567, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9751058, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9829974, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9878049}.

CD98 protein expression

Tissue specificity

Expressed ubiquitously in all tissues tested with highest levels detected in kidney, placenta and testis and weakest level in thymus. During gestation, expression in the placenta was significantly stronger at full-term than at the mid-trimester stage. Expressed in HUVECS and at low levels in resting peripheral blood T-lymphocytes and quiescent fibroblasts. Also expressed in fetal liver and in the astrocytic process of primary astrocytic gliomas. Expressed in retinal endothelial cells and in the intestinal epithelial cell line C2BBe1.

Induction

Expression is induced in resting peripheral blood T-lymphocytes following PHA stimulation. Expression increases at the time of maximal DNA synthesis, in fibroblasts stimulated to divide. Expression and the uptake of leucine is stimulated in mononuclear, cytotrophoblast-like choriocarcinoma cells by combined treatment with PMA and calcium ionophore.

CD98 protein sequence

This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport

  • Length
    630.00
  • Mass (Da)
    67.00

CD98 Antibody

There are 11 CD98 antibodies which are validated in multiple tissues with various applications, including ICC/IF, IHC-P, ELISA, WB, IP. There are 3 CD98 antibody for ICC/IF, 6 CD98 antibody for IHC-P, 7 CD98 antibody for ELISA, 2 CD98 antibody for WB, 1 CD98 antibody for IP. Among all these CD98 antibodies, there are 2 anti-CD98 mouse monoclonal antibodies , 4 anti-CD98 rabbit monoclonal antibodies , 5 anti-CD98 rabbit polyclonal antibodies . All the CD98 anbodies are produced in house and all are in stock. CD98 antibody customerized service is available.

CD98 Gene

SLC3A2 gene / cDNA is a protein-coding gene which located on 11q12.3. The SLC3A2 gene is conserved in chimpanzee, Rhesus monkey, dog, cow, mouse, rat, and frog.172 organisms have orthologs with human gene SLC3A2.