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CD74 Protein, Antibody, ELISA Kit, cDNA Clone

CD74 Related Areas

CD74 Related Pathways

CD74 Related Product

    CD74 Summary & Protein Information

    CD74 Background

    Gene Summary: The protein encoded by this CD74 gene associates with class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and is an important chaperone that regulates antigen presentation for immune response. CD74 also serves as cell surface receptor for the cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) which, when bound to the encoded protein, initiates survival pathways and cell proliferation. CD74 also interacts with amyloid precursor protein (APP) and suppresses the production of amyloid beta (Abeta). Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]
    General information above from NCBI
    Subunit structure: Homotrimer. In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) it forms a heterononameric MHC II-Ii complex: 3 MHC class II molecules (heterodimers of an alpha and a beta subunit) bind to the CD74 homotrimer (also known as invariant chain or HLA class II histocompatibility antigen gamma chain). In the endosomal/lysosomal system, the CD74 component undergoes sequential degradation by various proteases, including CTSS and CTSL, leaving a small fragment termed CLIP (class-II-associated invariant chain peptide) attached to the MHC class II molecule (alpha-beta-CLIP complex). This processed complex interacts with HLA_DM and HLA_DO heterodimers in order to release CLIP and facilitate the binding of antigenic peptides to the MHC class II molecules.
    Subcellular location: Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein (Potential). Endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network. Endosome. Lysosome. Note=Transits through a number of intracellular compartments in the endocytic pathway. It can either undergo proteolysis or reach the cell membrane.
    Post-translational: N- and O-glycosylated. O-glycosylated with core 1 or possibly core 8 glycans.
    Involvement in disease: Note=A chromosomal aberration involving CD74 is found in a non-small cell lung tumor. Results in the formation of a CD74- ROS1 chimeric protein.
    Sequence similarity: Contains 1 thyroglobulin type-1 domain.
    General information above from UniProt

    The cluster of differentiation (CD) system is commonly used as cell markers in immunophynotyping. Different kinds of cells in the immune system can be identified through the surface CD molecules which associating with the immune function of the cell. There are more than 320 CD unique clusters and subclusters have been identified. Some of the CD molecules serve as receptors or ligands important to the cell through initiating a signal cascade which then alter the behavior of the cell. Some CD proteins do not take part in cell signal process but have other functions such as cell adhesion. CD74, also known as HLA class2 histocompatibility antigen gamma chain and HLA-DR antigens-associated invariant chain, is a polypeptide involved in the formation and transport of MHC class2 protein. CD74 is expressed by B cells, macrophages, and Reed-Sternberg cells. When MHC class 2 protein was in the rough ER, its peptide-binding cleft was blocked by CD74 to prevent it from interacting with the endogenous peptides. CD74 also serves to facilitate MHC class2's export from ER.

    CD74 Alternative Name

    CD74,DHLAG,HLADG,Ia-GAMMA, [human]

    CD74 Related Studies

  • Zola H, et al. (2007) CD molecules 2006-human cell differentiation molecules. J Immunol Methods. 318 (1-2): 1-5.
  • Ho IC, et al. (2009) GATA3 and the T-cell lineage: essential functions before and after T-helper-2-cell differentiation. Nat Rev Immunol. 9 (2): 125-35.
  • Matesanz-Isabel J, et al. (2011) New B-cell CD molecules. Immunology Letters.134 (2): 104-12.
  • Moynes R, et al. (1997) A marker to distinguish atypical fibroxanthoma from malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Cancer. 79 (11): 2115-24.
  • Gabrielle FA, et al. (2008) Regulation of dendritic cell migration by CD74, the MHC class 2-associated invariant chain. Science. 322 (5908): 1705-10.
  • Leng L, et al. (2003) MIF signal transduction initiated by binding to CD74. JEM.197 (11): 1467-76.