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Human CD25 / IL2Rα Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone)

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CD25/IL2RacDNA Clone Product Information
Gene Bank Ref.ID:NM_000417.1
cDNA Size:819
cDNA Description:ORF Clone of Homo sapiens interleukin 2 receptor, alpha (IL2RA) DNA.
Gene Synonym:IL2RA, CD25, IL2R, TCGFR, IDDM10
Species:Human
Vector:pMD18-T Simple Vector
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:Identical with the Gene Bank Ref. ID sequence except for the point mutations: 818-819 AG/CC resulting in the amino acid stop codon substitution by Ser and 516 C/T not causing the amino acid variation.
Shipping Carrier:Each tube contains approximately 10 μg of lyophilized plasmid.
Storage:The lyophilized plasmid can be stored at ambient temperature for three months.
pMD18-T Simple Vector Information

pMD18-T Simple Vector is a high-efficiency TA cloning vector constructed from pUC18, of which the initial multiple cloning sites (MCS) were destroyed. Thus the cDNA should be amplified by PCR with primers containing a restriction site for subclone. Competent cells appropriate for pUC18 are also appropriated for the Vector, e.g. JM109, DH5α, TOP10. The pMD18-T Simple Vector is 2.6kb in size. Selection of the plasmid in E. coli is conferred by the ampicillin resistance gene. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning at site 425.

pMD18-T Simple Usage Suggestion

The coding sequence can be amplified by PCR with M13-47 and RV-M primers.

Vector Sequence Download
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Background

CD25 (alpha-chain of IL-2 receptor, or IL2RA), is a type I transmembrane glycoprotein with a signal peptide, an extracellular region, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic domain. IL2RA is expressed on activated T cells and regulatory T cells, and is capable of binding IL2 with low affinity by itself. However, a ligand-induced high affinity heterotrimeric receptor complex is produced when IL2RA is associated non-covelently with the IL2 receptor beta and gamma chain, and subsequently initiates the intacellular signal pathways such as MAPK or JAK/STAT. On dendritic cells (DC), CD25 has been previously regarded as an activation marker, while both murine and human DC can express CD25, they do not express the beta-chain of the IL-2 receptor, which is indispensable for the execution of IL-2 signaling. The IL2RA (CD25) gene is a substantial component of the high-affinity receptor molecule highly expressed by activated T lymphocytes. Recently, a strong evidence was obtained for the involvement of IL-2RA in conferring susceptibility to type 1 diabetes (T1D). Cancer growth and development is associated with the stimulation of the innate immune system, including enhanced interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R) expression in immune cells and its shedding into the circulation in a soluble form of sIL-2Ralpha. In most haematological malignancies, including different types of leukaemias and lymphomas, sIL-2Ralpha has been found to be released directly from the surface of neoplastic cells thus reflecting the tumour bulk, turnover and activity. Several studies have proved that not only lymphoid cancer cells, but also some non-lymphoid cancer cells, express IL-2R on their surface. They include malignant melanoma and carcinomas of the kidney, head and neck, oesophagus and lung. Thus, sIL-2Ralpha is elevated in most proliferative disturbances of the hematopoietic system and in many solid tumors.

References
  • Driesen J, et al. (2008) CD25 as an immune regulatory molecule expressed on myeloid dendritic cells. Immunobiology. 213(9-10): 849-58.
  • Olejniczak K, et al. (2008) Biological properties of interleukin 2 and its role in pathogenesis of selected diseases--a review. Med Sci Monit. 14(10): RA179-89.
  • Chistiakov DA, et al. (2008) The crucial role of IL-2/IL-2RA-mediated immune regulation in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes, an evidence coming from genetic and animal model studies. Immunol Lett. 118(1): 1-5.
  • Bien E, et al. (2008) Serum soluble interleukin 2 receptor alpha in human cancer of adults and children: a review. Biomarkers. 13(1): 1-26.
  • Catalog:HG10165-M
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