CD Molecule-Immunofluorescence / IF
CD Molecule-Immunoprecipitation / IP
CD Molecule-Western Blot / WB
The cluster of differentiation (or cluster of designation), often abbreviated as CD, is a protocol used for the identification and investigation of cell surface molecules present on white blood cells. The cluster of differentiation nomenclature was proposed for the classification of the many monoclonal antibodies generated by different laboratories around the world against epitopes on the surface molecules of leukocytes. Since then, the use of cluster of differentiation has expanded to many other cell types.
Mouse monoclonal antibodies are produced by one type of immune cell and are all clones of a single parent cell. Monoclonal antibodies have monovalent affinity, in that they bind to the same epitope. Currently, Mouse monoclonal antibody technology is so valuable, not only can antibodies be used to protect against disease, they can also help to detect the presence of drugs, viral and bacterial products, and other unusual or abnormal substances in the blood. This has become an important tool in biochemistry, molecular biology and medicine.