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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
CaM kinase-like vesicle-associated protein, also known as CAMKV, is a peripheral membrane protein and Cytoplasmic vesicle membrane protein which belongs to the protein kinase superfamily and CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CAMKV contains one protein kinase domain. It is predominantly observed in association with the plasma membrane of soma and in neurites, both axons and dendrites. CAMKV may be associated with vesicular structures. It does not appear to have detectable kinase activity.
Protein kinases are a group of enzymes that move a phosphate group onto proteins, in a process called phosphorylation. Protein kinases function as an on/off switch for many cellular processes, including metabolism, transcription, cell cycle progression, cytoskeletal rearrangement and cell movement, apoptosis, and differentiation. They also function in embryonic development, physiological responses, and in the nervous and immune system. Abnormal phosphorylation causes many human diseases, including cancer, and drugs that affect phosphorylation can treat those diseases. The protein kinase domain is a structurally conserved protein domain containing the catalytic function of protein kinases. Protein kinases play a role in a mulititude of cellular processes, including division, proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. Phosphorylation usually results in a functional change of the target protein by changing enzyme activity, cellular location, or association with other proteins.