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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
KCT2, also known as C5orf15, KCT2 gene maps to human chromosome 5q31.1 and is conserved in human, chimpanzee, cow, rat, and chicken. KCT2 is a 265 amino acid single-pass type I membrane protein that is widely expressed. Chromosome 5 is associated with Cockayne syndrome through the ERCC8 gene and familial adenomatous polyposis through the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene. Chromosome 5 contains 181 million base pairs and comprises nearly 6% of the human genome.