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B2McDNA Clone Product Information
Gene_bank_ref_id:
cDNA Size:
cDNA Description:
Gene Synonym:
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Vector:
Restriction Site:
Tag Sequence:
Sequence Description:
Shipping_carrier:
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pCMV/hygro Vector Information
 
Vector Name pCMV/hygro
Vector Size 5657bp
Vector Type Mammalian Expression Vector
Expression Method Constiutive ,Stable / Transient
Promoter CMV
Antibiotic Resistance Ampicillin
Selection In Mammalian Cells Hygromycin
Protein Tag None
Sequencing Primer Forward:T7(TAATACGACTCACTATAGGG)
Reverse:BGH(TAGAAGGCACAGTCGAGG)


Schematic of pCMV/hygro Multiple Cloning Sites
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Background

B2M, also known as β2-Microglobulin or CDABP0092, is a component of MHC class I molecules found expression in all nucleated cells (excludes red blood cells). The major function of MHC class I moleculesis is to display fragments of proteins from within the cell to T-cells and cells containing foreign proteins will be attacked. B2M(β2-Microglobulin) is a low molecular weight protein. It was demonstrated that B2M(β2-Microglobulin) was localized in the membranes of nucleated cells and was found to be associated with HL-A antigens.B2M(β2- Microglobulin) is present in free form in various body fluids and as a subunit of histocompatibility antigens on cell surfaces lateral to theα3 chain. Unlikeα3, β2 has no transmembrane region. Directly above β2 lies the α1 chain, which itself is lateral to the α2. In the absence of B2M(β2 microglobulin), very limited amounts of MHC class I (classical and non-classical) molecules can be detected on the surface. In the absence of MHC class I, CD8 T cells, a subset of T cells involved in the development of acquired immunity cannot develop. Low levels of B2M(β2 microglobulin) can indicate non-progression of HIV.

References
  • Poulik MD, et al. (1979) Beta 2-Microglobulin: methods and clinical applications. CRC Ctit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 10(3): 225-45.
  • Poulik MD, et al. (1975) Beta2-Microglobulins. Contemp Top Mol Immunol. 4: 157-204.
  • Berggard I. (1976) Beta2-Microglobulins: isolation, properties, and distribution. Fed Proc. 35(5): 1167-70.
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    • Human B2M Gene cDNA Clone (full-length ORF Clone), expression ready, untagged
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