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The pGEM-T is 3kb in length, and contains the amplicin resistance gene, conferring selection of the plasmid in E. coli, and the ori site which is the bacterial origin of replication. The plasmid has multiple cloning sites as shown below. The coding sequence was inserted by TA cloning. Many E. coli strains are suitable for the propagation of this vector including JM109, DH5α and TOP10.
The coding sequence can be easily obtained by digesting the vector with proper restriction enzyme(s). The coding sequence can also be amplified by PCR with M13 primers, or primer pair SP6 and T7.
Alpha-2-glycoprotein, also known as AZGP1, belongs to the MHC class I family. It can be detected in body fluids such as serum, sweat, and seminal and breast cyst fluids. It has been shown that alpha-2-glycoprotein can stimulate lipolysis by adipocytes in vivo and in vitro. Thus it is believed that alpha-2-glycoprotein plays an important role in the regulation of body weight, and age-dependent changes in genetically influenced obesity, and it also regulates melanin production by normal and malignant melanocytes. Alpha-2-glycoprotein is produced by both white and brown fat adipocytes and may act in a local autocrine fashion in the reduction of adiposity in cachexia.