ITCH: ITCH Protein | ITCH Antibody

ITCH Gene family

ITCH Background

E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Itchy homolog, also known as Atrophin-1-interacting protein 4, NFE2-associated polypeptide 1, NAPP1 and ITCH, is a cell membrane protein which contains one C2 domain, one HECT (E6AP-type E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase) domain and contains four WW domains. ITCH acts as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which accepts ubiquitin from an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in the form of a thioester and then directly transfers the ubiquitin to targeted substrates. It catalyzes 'Lys-29'-, 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin conjugation. ITCH is involved in the control of inflammatory signaling pathways. It is an essential component of a ubiquitin-editing protein complex, comprising also TNFAIP3, TAX1BP1 and RNF11, that ensures the transient nature of inflammatory signaling pathways. ITCH promotes the association of the complex after TNF stimulation. Once the complex is formed, TNFAIP3 deubiquitinates 'Lys-63' polyubiquitin chains on RIPK1 and catalyzes the formation of 'Lys-48'-polyubiquitin chains. This leads to RIPK1 proteosomal degradation and consequently termination of the TNF- or LPS-mediated activation of NFKB1. Defects in ITCH are the cause of syndromic multisystem autoimmune disease (SMAD) which is characterized by organomegaly, failure to thrive, developmental delay, dysmorphic features and autoimmune inflammatory cell infiltration of the lungs, liver and gut.

Reference for ITCH

  • Marchese A. et al., 2003, Dev. Cell 5:709-22.
  • Wang Y. et al., 2006, EMBO J. 25: 5058-70.
  • Bhandari D. et al., 2009, Mol. Biol. Cell 20:1324-39.
  • Edwards TL. et al., 2009, Biochem. J. 423:31-9.
  • Zhang P. et al., 2010, J. Biol. Chem. 285:8869-79.
  • Azakir B.A. et al., 2010, FEBS J. 277:1319-30.

ITCH Protein

ITCH protein function

Acts as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which accepts ubiquitin from an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in the form of a thioester and then directly transfers the ubiquitin to targeted substrates (PubMed:14602072, PubMed:17028573, PubMed:16387660, PubMed:18718448, PubMed:18718449, PubMed:11046148, PubMed:19592251, PubMed:19116316, PubMed:19881509, PubMed:20491914, PubMed:20392206, PubMed:20068034, PubMed:23146885, PubMed:24790097, PubMed:25631046). Catalyzes 'Lys-29'-, 'Lys-48'- and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin conjugation (PubMed:17028573, PubMed:18718448, PubMed:19131965, PubMed:19881509). Involved in the control of inflammatory signaling pathways (PubMed:19131965). Essential component of a ubiquitin-editing protein complex, comprising also TNFAIP3, TAX1BP1 and RNF11, that ensures the transient nature of inflammatory signaling pathways (PubMed:19131965). Promotes the association of the complex after TNF stimulation (PubMed:19131965). Once the complex is formed, TNFAIP3 deubiquitinates 'Lys-63' polyubiquitin chains on RIPK1 and catalyzes the formation of 'Lys-48'-polyubiquitin chains (PubMed:19131965). This leads to RIPK1 proteasomal degradation and consequently termination of the TNF- or LPS-mediated activation of NFKB1 (PubMed:19131965). Ubiquitinates RIPK2 by 'Lys-63'-linked conjugation and influences NOD2-dependent signal transduction pathways (PubMed:19592251). Regulates the transcriptional activity of several transcription factors, and probably plays an important role in the regulation of immune response (PubMed:18718448, PubMed:20491914). Ubiquitinates NFE2 by 'Lys-63' linkages and is implicated in the control of the development of hematopoietic lineages (PubMed:18718448). Mediates JUN ubiquitination and degradation (By similarity). Mediates JUNB ubiquitination and degradation (PubMed:16387660). Critical regulator of type 2 helper T (Th2) cell cytokine production by inducing JUNB ubiquitination and degradation (By similarity). Involved in the negative regulation of MAVS-dependent cellular antiviral responses (PubMed:19881509). Ubiquitinates MAVS through 'Lys-48'-linked conjugation resulting in MAVS proteasomal degradation (PubMed:19881509). Following ligand stimulation, regulates sorting of Wnt receptor FZD4 to the degradative endocytic pathway probably by modulating PI42KA activity (PubMed:23146885). Ubiquitinates PI4K2A and negatively regulates its catalytic activity (PubMed:23146885). Ubiquitinates chemokine receptor CXCR4 and regulates sorting of CXCR4 to the degradative endocytic pathway following ligand stimulation by ubiquitinating endosomal sorting complex required for transport ESCRT-0 components HGS and STAM (PubMed:14602072, PubMed:23146885). Targets DTX1 for lysosomal degradation and controls NOTCH1 degradation, in the absence of ligand, through 'Lys-29'-linked polyubiquitination (PubMed:17028573, PubMed:18628966, PubMed:23886940). Ubiquitinates SNX9 (PubMed:20491914). Ubiquitinates MAP3K7 through 'Lys-48'-linked conjugation (By similarity). Involved in the regulation of apoptosis and reactive oxygen species levels through the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of TXNIP (PubMed:20068034). Mediates the antiapoptotic activity of epidermal growth factor through the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of p15 BID (PubMed:20392206). Ubiquitinates BRAT1 and this ubiquitination is enhanced in the presence of NDFIP1 (PubMed:25631046). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8C863, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14602072, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16387660, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17028573, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18628966, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18718448, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18718449, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19116316, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19131965, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19592251, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19881509, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20068034, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20392206, ECO:0000269|PubMed:20491914, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23146885, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23886940, ECO:0000269|PubMed:24790097, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25631046}.

ITCH protein expression

Tissue specificity

Widely expressed.

ITCH protein sequence

This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport

  • Length
    903.00
  • Mass (Da)
    102.00

ITCH Antibody

There are 5 ITCH antibodies which are validated in multiple tissues with various applications, including FCM, ICC/IF, ELISA. There are 2 ITCH antibody for FCM, 2 ITCH antibody for ICC/IF, 3 ITCH antibody for ELISA. Among all these ITCH antibodies, there are 2 anti-ITCH mouse monoclonal antibodies , 3 anti-ITCH rabbit polyclonal antibodies . All the ITCH anbodies are produced in house and all are in stock. ITCH antibody customerized service is available.

ITCH Gene

ITCH gene / cDNA is a protein-coding gene which located on 20q11.22. The ITCH gene is conserved in Rhesus monkey, dog, cow, mouse, rat, chicken, zebrafish, and frog.206 organisms have orthologs with human gene ITCH.